ACC 206 Complete Week 2 Assignments – Exercise Problems - Journal and  Discussion Questions – A+ Graded Course Material - Ashford

# Chapter 2 Exercise 1 1. Issuance of stock Prepare journal entries to record the issuance of 100,000 shares of common stock at \$20 per share for each of the following independent cases: a. Jackson Corporation has common stock with a par value of \$1 per share. b. Royal Corporation has no-par common with a stated value of \$5 per share. c. French Corporation has no-par common; no stated value has been assigned.

Chapter 2 Exercise 3
3. Analysis of stockholders' equity
Star Corporation issued both common and preferred stock during 19X6. The stockholders' equity sections of the company's balance sheets at the end of 19X6 and 19X5 follow.
19X6
19X5

Preferred stock, \$100 par value, 10%
\$580,000
\$500,000
Common stock, \$10 par value
2,350,000
1,750,000
Paid-in capital in excess of par value
Preferred
24,000

Common
4,620,000
3,600,000
Retained earnings
8,470,000
6,920,000
Total stockholders' equity
\$16,044,000
\$12,770,000
a. Compute the number of preferred shares that were issued during 19X6.
b. Calculate the average issue price of the common stock sold in 19X6.
c. By what amount did the company's paid-in capital increase during 19X6?
d. Did Star's total legal capital increase or decrease during 19X6? By what amount?

Chapter 2 Problem 1
1. Bond computations: Straight-line amortization
Southlake Corporation issued \$900,000 of 8% bonds on March 1, 19X1. The bonds pay interest on March 1 and September 1 and mature in 10 years. Assume the independent cases that follow. Case A—The bonds are issued at 100. Case B—The bonds are issued at 96. Case C—The bonds are issued at 105.
Southlake uses the straight-line method of amortization.
Instructions:
Complete the following table:
Case A
Case B
Case C
a. Cash inflow on the issuance date
_______
_______
_______
b. Total cash outflow through maturity
_______
_______
_______
c. Total borrowing cost over the life of the bond issue
_______
_______
_______
d. Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 19X1
_______
_______
_______
e. Amortization for the year ended December 31, 19X1
_______
_______
_______

f. Unamortized premium as of December 31, 19X1
_______
_______
_______
g. Unamortized discount as of December 31, 19X1
_______
_______
_______
h. Bond carrying value as of December 31, 19X1
_______
_______
_______
Chapter 3 Exercise 1
1. Product costs and period costs
The costs that follow were extracted from the accounting records of several different manufacturers:
1. Weekly wages of an equipment maintenance worker
2. Marketing costs of a soft drink bottler
3. Cost of sheet metal in a Honda automobile
4. Cost of president's subscription to Fortune magazine
5. Monthly operating costs of pollution control equipment used in a steel mill
6. Weekly wages of a seamstress employed by a jeans maker
7. Cost of compact discs (CDs) for newly recorded releases of Rush, Billy Joel, and Bryan Adams
a. Determine which of these costs are product costs and which are period costs.
b. For the product costs only, determine those that are easily traced to the finished product and those that are not.
Chapter 3 Exercise 2
2. Definitions of manufacturing concepts Interstate Manufacturing produces brass fasteners and incurred the following costs for the year just ended:
Materials and supplies used
Brass \$75,000
Repair parts 16,000
Machine lubricants 9,000
Wages and salaries Machine operators 128,000
Production supervisors 64,000
Maintenance personnel 41,000
Fixed 46,000
Sales commissions 20,000

Compute:
a. Total direct materials consumed
b. Total direct labor
c. Total prime cost
d. Total conversion cost
Chapter 3 Exercise 5
5. Schedule of cost of goods manufactured, income statement
The following information was taken from the ledger of Jefferson Industries, Inc.:
Direct labor
\$85,000
\$59,000
Selling expenses
34,000
Work in. process
Sales
300,000
Jan. 1
29,000
Finished goods
Dec. 31
21,000
Jan. 1
115,000
Direct material purchases
88,000
Dec. 31
131,000
Depreciation: factory
18,000
Raw (direct) materials on hand
Indirect materials used
10,000
Jan. 1
31,000
Indirect labor
24,000
Dec. 31
40,000
Factory taxes
8,000
Factory utilities
11,000
Prepare the following:
a. A schedule of cost of goods manufactured for the year ended December 31.
b. An income statement for the year ended December 31.
Chapter 3 Problem 3 3. Manufacturing statements and cost behavior
Tampa Foundry began operations during the current year, manufacturing various products for industrial use. One such product is light-gauge aluminum, which the company sells for \$36 per roll. Cost information for the year just ended follows.
Per Unit
Variable Cost
Fixed Cost
Direct materials
\$4.50
\$ —

Direct labor
6.5

9
50,000
Selling

70,000

135,000

Production and sales totaled 20,000 rolls and 17,000 rolls, respectively There is no work in process. Tampa carries its finished goods inventory at the average unit cost of production.
Instructions:
a. Determine the cost of the finished goods inventory of light-gauge aluminum.
b. Prepare an income statement for the current year ended December 31
c. On the basis of the information presented:
1. Does it appear that the company pays commissions to its sales staff? Explain.
2. What is the likely effect on the \$4.50 unit cost of direct materials if next year's production increases?

Week 2 Discussion Questions

Stock Features

What is callable preferred stock? Why do corporations issue such stock? Given the different features that are associated with stock (callable, cumulative, preferred, etc.), what type of stock would you want to buy personally and why?

Role of Management Accounting

Review the roles of management accounting within a company. What is the most important role of management accounting? How is that different than financial accounting?

Week 2 Journal

Institute of Management Accounting

While there are many instances of overlap between financial accounting and management accounting, each group’s primary focus is different. Review the Institute of Management Accounting’s (IMA) website, specifically the “About IMA” and the “Resources and Publications” sections of the website. Are you surprised by the topics that management accountants are focusing on? Why or why not? What interests you more, financial accounting or management accounting?

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