PHL 458 Complete Class Week 1 - 5 – All Assignments, DQs – A+ Graded Course Material

Week 1 Individual Critical Thinking and Society Exercise

Write 150- to 200 words on each of the following topics:

  • Describe a situation in which critical and creative thought could have been used for a better outcome. Describe why it is important to think critically and creatively in similar situations.
  • Define free will, truth, knowledge, and opinion. Explain how we use them to form thoughts.
  • Identify three hindrances to the critical thinking process. Determine methods for overcoming these hindrances. Identify a time in which you experienced a hindrance in critical thinking. Describe a method you could use to overcome the hindrances.
  • Identify a message in advertising. Describe how you perceive the message of the advertisement. Try to determine the reality of the advertisement. Distinguish between your perception and the reality of the message.

Week 2 Solve a Problem Paper

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper in which you use the creative process to solve a problem with which you have experience. Include the following:

  • Describe each stage in the creative process using Ch. 5 of your text.
  • Search for a personal challenge. Explain how you used the techniques to develop curiosity in your search (see Ch. 6).
  • Express the problem created by this personal challenge (see Ch. 7). Refine your expression of the problem by considering multiple perspectives and deciding which expression is best. Include both the initial and the refined version. Justify your revision.
  • Investigate the problem by obtaining necessary information (see Ch. 8). List the questions must answer to understand the problem. Identify a source of information to answer each question.
  • Conclude your investigation with a thorough explanation of the problem, including answers to each of the questions you identified.  
  • Produce ideas toward solution of this problem (see Ch. 9). List all of your ideas—whether they are ridiculous or serious is not important.
  • Discuss the two ideas that you think are the most imaginative, original, and positive potential solutions to the problem.


Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines


Week 3 Refining Solutions Paper

Most great solutions to problems begin with some initial flaws. Quality solutions arise by refining ideas. Refine your solution to the problem defined in your Week Two Individual Assignment by following the Three Steps in Refining process outlined in Ch. 10 and Ch. 11 of your text.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper. Include the following:

  • Original issue
  • Initial solutions
  • Critical examination of best solution
  • Evaluation of the argument
  • Revised argument
  • Refined solution with implementation plan
  • Final solution

Learning Team Evaluating and Refining Resolutions Presentation

Refine your team’s solution to the issue defined in the Week Two Learning Team Instructions by following Ch. 12 (overcoming errors in reasoning) and Ch. 13 (refining resolutions) of the text.

Create an 8- to 12-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation. Online students, use detailed speaker notes to describe your team’s experience at each stage.  

Include one or two slides on each of the following:

  • Original issue
  • Initial resolutions
  • Critical examination of best resolution
  • Evaluation of the argument
  • Revised argument
  • Refined resolution with implementation plan
  • Final resolution

Week 4 Famous Thinkers

Select and read the articles about two famous thinkers in the Week Four Electronic Reserve Readings. Find additional articles in the University Library or on the Internet.


Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper. Include the following:

  • Information about the thinkers’ contributions to society
  • Each thinkers’ personal/ social/ political environments and how you think these factors contributed to their creativity
  • The problems or issues that their ideas sought to solve
  • A description of the solutions, and how their ideas were implemented
  • The creative process of each thinker and a comparison of the two creative processes
  • A critique of their ideas and what could they have done differently

Include at least four references.


Week 5 Learning Team Persuasive Communication Presentation

Use the issue addressed in your previous Learning Team Activity and Assignment.


Select the most appropriate format to persuade your intended audience of the resolution to your issue. Possible formats include a political campaign, a city council proposal, an editorial article, a commercial, a radio-style podcast, a comprehensive political pamphlet, an interactive game, a website, and so forth.


Explain why you chose your format for your intended audience.


Create a presentation of your message as you would present it to your intended audience. Include the following in your presentation:

  • Consider possible reasons your audience might reject your ideas. Address anticipated audience objections to your proposal.
  • Devise strategies for persuading your audience to accept your proposal and incorporate that persuasion in your presentation of the message.
  • Strategically organize your material to deliver your message with the ultimate effect.

Online Campus:


Post your Persuasive Communication Presentation in the Main forum to allow your classmates to review it.

Review the Persuasive Communication Presentation posted by your classmates.

Discuss how you and your classmates respond to different messages and how you think the intended audiences might receive each of the Learning Teams’ messages. 


Discussion Questions

Think of a moral or ethical dilemma you have faced where every choice seemed unsatisfactory. What did you ultimately decide and why did you choose that decision?


To what extent does acculturation affect our individuality? How might an individual overcome acculturation to achieve independence in thinking?


How can you use critical listening skills to persuade others to agree with your ideals and thoughts?


What are the characteristics of creative thinkers? What are the components of the creative process?


What effect does creativity have on society and culture?


What are three ideas for new inventions? Apply creativity to your ideas.


What kinds of assumptions interfere with critical thinking?


Aside from factual inaccuracy, what are some subtle and common errors affecting a truth?


How would you decide what action should be taken about your resolution to an issue? How do you recognize and overcome what difficulties may arise?


Consider the following famous thinkers: Bill Gates, James Cone, Daniel C. Dennett, Peter Singer, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Nelson Mandela. What components of their creativity and critical thinking played a prominent role in their contributions to society or their scientific breakthroughs?



What assumptions interfered in the critical thinking process of people like Albert Einstein, Helen Keller, or Saul Kripke?


What is the process by which a famous thinker took action to resolve their specific issue? Discuss this process.


Should tobacco be outlawed? Take a side and persuade us!


Is it wise for the average person to purchase a gun for protection? Take a side and persuade us!


Is the practice of acupuncture based on superstition, or does it have medical value? Take a side and persuade us!

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PHL 458 (Creative Minds & Critical Thinking) Complete Class A+

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